This course studies the global financial environment. It mainly examines the international monetary system, exchange rate regimes occurred in the past starting with gold standard, and then fixed and fluctuating exchange rates; contemporary exchange rate regimes, exchange rate determination, international financial markets and transactions in foreign exchange markets in which banks and bankers are more likely to encounter in their usual operations. Major areas covered include globalization process of financial environment, exchange rate determination, balance of payment, foreign currency derivatives with other hedging activities against foreign exchange risks through international financial instruments and foreign direct Investment theory and strategy.

The aim of this course is to teach students the evolution of monetary economics and the role of the money in the economic transactions. It also tries to explain interest rate determination and the relationship between interest rates and term structure. Understanding the role of financial institutions in asymmetric information, transaction cost, adverse selection, moral hazard and market efficiency are also among the objectives of the course.

This course presents the students the nature and organization of banks and other financial intermediaries and analyses their basic functions in the modern economy.